Pharmaceutical microbiology in pharmacy education: Operational process of an objective structured practical examination (OSPE) in Universiti Teknologi MARA
Fazleen Haslinda Mohd Hatta 1 , Azwandi Ahmad 1 , Ahmad Azani Othman 1 *
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1 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, MALAYSIA* Corresponding Author


Objective structured practical examinations (OSPEs) have been implemented as a standard practice in most medical and health science schools worldwide to assess competencies in laboratory skills. A practical examination would improve students’ understanding of the experiment they conduct and help build confidence and competency for future application. With the expanding roles of a pharmacist, it is important to strengthen students’ skill set during pharmacy education. This article reports the procedures and findings after conducting OSPE for the subject of pharmaceutical microbiology and parasitology in the Faculty of Pharmacy at Universiti Teknologi MARA for three years (2017-2019). There is a significant difference in OSPE performance between the years 2017, 2018, and 2019. The addition of OSPE, while does not significantly change the median marks, is able to better define the students’ performance and grade. The conclusion is that the students were able to adapt to the added examination and benefit from the experience.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Original Article

ELECTR J MED ED TE, 2023, Volume 16, Issue 1, Article No: em2301

Publication date: 01 Jan 2023

Online publication date: 07 Nov 2022

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Article Downloads: 246

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