Knowledge, Attitude, and Awareness Related to COVID-19 Pandemic Among the Public, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study

Alya Hassan Alhajjaj 1 * , Huda Hassan Aldarweesh 1 * , Zainab Abdullah Alghawi 1

EUROPEAN J MED ED TE, Volume 13, Issue 3, Article No: em2013

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Background: COVID-19 infection has spread to many countries including Saudi Arabia. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and awareness among the public in Saudi Arabia about COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional online Arabic survey. It was conducted on 23rd March 2020. It included all adult residents in Saudi Arabia.
Results: A total of 2069 questionnaires were returned completed. Most of the participants were females (78.2%) and from the Eastern province (92.9%). The median age was 35.69 years. The majority of the participants had sufficient knowledge (score ≥ 6) with statistical significance in relation to age, gender, marital status, occupation and educational level. Most of them (75.90%) got their knowledge about COVID-19 from Social media. The majority of the participants supported the government regulations and the protective measures taken for COVID-19 prevention. Most of them reported frequent handwashing and maintaining social distancing.
Conclusion: Although our study was conducted at the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia, it showed that our participants had good knowledge level that was reflected on their positive attitude, awareness, and their precautionary measures. Because our participants were mainly from the Eastern province, further studies are needed to investigate other provinces in Saudi Arabia.